ALTSCHUL


ALTSCHUL
ALTSCHUL(ER; Perles), family probably originating in Prague. Its descendants were found throughout Central and Eastern Europe. The name Altschul first occurs as the surname of ABRAHAM EBERLE, a lay leader of Prague who died toward the close of the 15th century. His son MOSES (c. 1542) became a parnas of the Bohemian community of Cracow after the Jews were driven out of Prague. HANOKH BEN MOSES ALTSCHUL (1564–1633), shammash and secretary of the Prague community, was sentenced to be hanged in connection with the theft of a Gobelin tapestry from a palace, but was saved when it was revealed that he was the middleman in a legitimate business transaction. Ḥanokh described his hardships in Megillat Purei ha-Ketayim and for centuries his family celebrated "Purim Altschul" or "Purim Fuerhang" (see special purims ) on the 22nd of Tevet. His son MOSES (d. 1643. succeeded his father and was the author of the unpublished Zikhron Bayit. ELEAZAR BEN ABRAHAM ḤANOKH PERLES (d. c. 1644. wrote a commentary to Elkanah b. Jeroham's Keneh Ḥokhmah Keneh Binah (1610–11) giving the kabbalistic principles to be discerned in the Shema, and esoteric explanations of the commandments. This was very popular and was added to many editions of the prayer book. He is thought to have been the author or editor of the unpublished Hebrew grammar, Dikdukei Yiẓḥak. ISAAC, the son of Eleazar, included biographical notes on his father in the latter's Tikkunei Moẓa'ei Shabbat (1650). JUDAH AARON MOSES BEN ABRAHAM ḤANOKH (early 17th century), the brother of Eleazar, was rabbi of Kromau. He wrote Va-Yeḥal Moshe (Prague, 1613), an ethical treatise giving practical advice to repentant sinners. NAPHTALI HIRSCH BEN ASHER (late 16th century) lived in Lublin and Zhitomir and was in Constantinople in 1607. He was the author of Ayyalah Sheluḥah, a digest of earlier commentaries on the Prophets and Hagiographa (Rabbinical Bible, Cracow 1593, Amsterdam 1740). He also published a biblical concordance Imrei Shefer (Lublin, 1645. arranged in 32 sections. ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC PERLES (d. c. 1690) published Tikkunei Shabbat (1678), and wrote an unpublished kabbalistic commentary on the Pentateuch. MOSES MEIR BEN ISAAC ELEAZAR PERLES (1666–1739) lived in Prague and was the author of a commentary on the book of Esther, Megillat Sefer (Prague, 1710). AARON BEN MOSES MEIR PERLES (d. 1739) wrote an unpublished commentary, Tohorat Aharon on the section of Isaac b. Abba Mari's Ittur which deals with porging. In 1725 he published a pamphlet in Yiddish on the same subject. ZE'EV WOLF BEN DOV BAER (d. 1806) published Zeved Tov (1793), a commentary on the description of the Temple in Ezekiel 40–48, together with an account of the pedestals for the lavers made by Solomon (I Kings 7:17–35);   and Ḥamishah Ḥallukei Avanim (1794), containing commentaries on Ruth and Song of Songs. His son ELIAKIM (GOTTSCHALK) BEN ZE'EV WOLF (first half of the 19th century) wrote commentaries to the 1814 edition of his father's Zeved Tov. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Zunz, Gesch, 289 no. 154; 291 no. 168; K.Z. Lieben, Gal Ed (1856), 57 no. 106; Kisch, in: Graetz-Jubelschrift (1887), 48–52; idem, in: MGWJ, 37 (1893), 131; S. Hock, Die Familien Prags (1892), 280–2, n.1; J. Cohen-Zedek, in: Der Yesharim 20–21 (= Ha-Goren, 1 (1898), 2nd pagination); Flesch, in: JJLG, 17 (1926), 59; Gaster, in: Jewish Studies in memory of G.A. Kohut (1935), 272–7; Assaf, in: Reshumot, 4 (1947), 131–43; 5 (1953), 62–77; Zinberg, Sifrut, 4 (1958), 80–82; Michael, Or, Nos. 209, 490, 956; Sadek, in: Judaica Bohemise, 4 (1968), 73–78. (Yehoshua Horowitz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Altschul — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Barry Altschul (* 1943), US amerikanischer Musiker Elias Altschul (1812–1865), böhmischer Homöopath Eugen Altschul (1887–1959), deutsch US amerikanischer Ökonom Lutz Altschul (auch bekannt als Louis V.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Altschul — *Arthur Altschul (1920 2002) American banker *Serena Altschul (born 1970) American broadcast journalist *Stephen Altschul (born 1957) American mathematician *Barry Altschul (born 1943) American Jazz drummer *Andrew Foster Altschul American… …   Wikipedia

  • ALTSCHUL, JOSEPH — (1839–1908), ḥazzan and improviser of synagogue songs. Altschul, who was commonly known as Yosh(k)e Slonimer, was born in Vilna. He went to Courland for talmudic studies, and there became a successful singer (solo soprano) with a local ḥazzan. He …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALTSCHUL, EMIL — (Elias, Uri; 1797–1865), physician in Prague; professor of homeopathy at Prague University from 1849, author of medical and pharmaceutical works, and editor of a homeopathic periodical from 1853. Altschul attended the yeshivah of Bezalel Ronsburg …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALTSCHUL, LOUIS — (1870–1943), U.S. businessman and philanthropist. Altschul, who was born in Poland, immigrated to the U.S. when he was 21, and settled in New York City. He worked for a while in the fur business and then started a highly successful career in real …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALTSCHUL, MOSES BEN ḤANOKH — (c. 1546–1633), early Yiddish writer. He was the author of the Brant Shpigl ( The Burning Mirror ), the first original comprehensive book of ethics in Yiddish. Printed by Conrad Waldkirch in Basle in 1602, it was based upon Altschul s earlier… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALTSCHUL, FRANK — (1887–1981), U.S. banker. Altschul was born in San Francisco and served as captain in the U.S. Army in Europe during World War I. He entered banking in New York, and became director of Lazard Frères Inc. and the General American Investors… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALTSCHUL, AARON MEYER — (1914–1994), U.S. nutrition expert. He was born in Chicago, where he obtained his doctorate in 1937. He joined the Southern Regional Research Laboratory of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1941, and was named head of its protein and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Serena Altschul — (born October 13, 1970 [cite news | title = Mrs. Altschul Has Child (birth announcement) | work = The New York Times | publisher = The New York Times Company | page = 91 | date = 1970 10 25 | accessdate = 2006 12 10 | language = English | quote …   Wikipedia

  • Elias Altschul — (* 8. April 1797 in Prag[1]; † 16. Juli 1865 ebenda) war ein böhmischer Mediziner und Homöopath. Inhaltsverzeichn …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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